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محمد صالح بحرالدين محمد ص 04-12-2017 01:03 PM

Africa Why too Many Children are Recruited-4
Therefore, the military use of children it has always been under increasing restriction and in any case may is usually condemned and up normally takes three distinct forms: children can take direct part in hostilities (child soldiers); they can be used in support roles such as porters, spies, messengers, lookouts; or they can be used for political advantage as human shields and/or in propaganda, and if children are born and raised up in conflict zone where war raged for long time , Darfur ,South Sudan and Uganda are living examples , where children are more likely to be desensitized to the violence , and they come to believe that there is no future beyond the bushes and the field turf, so they are also less likely to have been exposed to opportunities such as education or jobs as the civil life priorities.
Throughout history and in many cultures, children have been extensively involved in military campaigns even when such practices were against cultural morals. In World War I, in Great Britain alone there were 250,000 boys under 18 managed to join the army then in World War II, child soldiers fought throughout Europe, in the Warsaw Uprising, during the Jewish resistance, and in the Soviet Army. Since the 1970s, a number of international conventions have come into effect which tried to limit the participation of children in armed conflicts with gradual approach, nevertheless the Coalition to Stop the Use of Child Soldiers reports that the use of children in military forces, and the active participation of children in armed conflicts is widespread that need to be seriously studied, analyzed and addressed as scientifically as possible through specialized academic bodies and cadres who have the technical expertise and life work experience to analyzed the subject matter in the most resulted base professional matter so as to achieve the targets verifiably .
Beside the forced recruitment, there are many children elsewhere volunteer to fight as they have few other options for livelihood outside an armed organization, where the military or militia is seems as a meal ticket and a place of safety and security as well.
Above all military field is the place where anybody is going to be somebody without having any simple task achievement ability , and as mentioned before children are more easier to be convinced, control, and often require little or no payment at all, and at such moment drugs, wine, women and some action films like Rambo movies are quite sufficient to mislead and to get the long life feudality and commitment for their total of majority, and in this regard Ishmael Beah said” I walked around the village aimlessly, as I felt restless, because I simultaneously felt tremendous rush of energy and numbness. But after secured doses of drugs, all I felt numbness to everything, and so much energy and couldn’t sleep for weeks, we watched movies at night, war movies of Rambo” Page 36
Once again since many of these children who experienced wars as soldiers have also experienced what war can do to the psyche of the survivors especially for those who have been recruited as young as nine or ten.
Comparatively, with that researches have proved that that such child category will be suffered from depression, anxiety high rates as well as victimized by loss of the morals compass and social bands.
Additionally, and due to siege that they live within they lose the ability to rationalize between wrong and right causing long lasting damage to their psyche.
It’s clearly observed that children exposed to long term violence are always at risk for psych-somatic symptoms such as insomnia and nightmare together with prone to addiction and too much aggressive uncontrolled behavior.
That is to say children situation will be in progressive risk multiplications and consequences and their situation will not be improved unless been released, and subjected both long-term psychosocial support, psychosocial reform, rehabilitation and social integration among communities and within families as highest priority as well as motivational program ultimately on place.
Over all, peacemaking various multiple proses, have provided an observation as a lesson learnt from the complexity of the peace negotiation, that unless the released children been subjected to long proper standard reintegration and been left with no that rich experience and enough livelihood options, so they are likely to abandon civil life to rejoin the bushes with full consent and maturity this time, or reform more new demanded armed group similar to case of Lord Resistance Army (LRA)
Since they are likely doomed to repeat the same cycle they grew up within to normalize whatever called brutal life of guerrilla with the bushes, exceeding the concept of ideologies, political awareness,, military discipline, to wage war for reason of war and to agitate war to re-wage much war again and over again, so its war for war and fighting to achieve and amuse war only too much blood shedding which is psych bating seeds for future terrorism.
All these because children have not been properly integrated, and their psychosocial needs not yet met and will be main instability root causes, as children and young men are always moving from one armed group to another or shift to be part of the criminal well organized gangs even to act remotely or overseas.
That is to say it’s advised to exert some coordinated efforts to mitigate, lessening and finally to eradicate, this global phenomena and to save children from the resentment of the inhumanity of the recruitment.
Wide day to day performance among the street children have made it clear that, when children start avoiding home life

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