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محمد صالح بحرالدين محمد ص
عضو مميز
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محمد صالح بحرالدين محمد ص غير متواجد حالياً عرض البوم صور محمد صالح بحرالدين محمد ص



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افتراضي Affirmative Action Comprehensive Writing Model-3
قديم بتاريخ : 06-23-2015 الساعة : 06:14 PM

Yet affirmative action has long been at the center of social controversy. Some people continue to argue that two wrongs don't make a right, that just because there has been a history of discrimination against minority groups, giving them preferential treatment to the exclusion of other qualified workers is not a valid reason to enforce the policy. Others have just as passionately argued that only through affirmative action will we be able to correct the negative effects of decades of racial and gender discrimination (McWhirter, 1). If affirmative action is suppressed, it will (as stated by Constance Horner) diminish the historical standing of the United States as creator of exemplary solutions to the deepest dilemmas of civic life (3). There is a strength within the American culture, one which emphasizes a sense of fairness and a belief in racial integration. With it should be the presumption that the affirmative action policy will (if slowly) make positive social change (Horner, 3).
Affirmative action requires a reexamination of the social system so that the system is affirming. Arthur A. Fletcher, a member of the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights, says that the current debates on affirmative action should be viewed as a Awake-up call because people are now taking another look at the effects of racial and gender discrimination over the past 30 years. He asks, Do we have enough courage to do what is right for the American economy, which is to draw on the resources of all its citizens? The United States cannot compete in the global economy without the resources of all its citizens (Wills, 23A). Affirmative action isn't about preferential treatment
or reverse discrimination. It is about helping people, in Michigan and the rest of the US, to get equal opportunity to contribute to our society.
Affirmative action, as defined by Schaefer, is “positive efforts to recruit subordinate group members including women for jobs, promotions, and educational opportunities.” (Schaefer, pg. 503) Whereas, discrimination is primarily related to “the denial of opportunities and equal rights,” of minorities rather than the attempts to include minorities.
I started thinking about affirmative action, and I realized that I had never encountered the issue before, even though I have been educated about it. Coming from a rural, agricultural upbringing, there was no real ethnic diversity. Everyone in the town was predominately white, and few minorities were ever encountered. The minorities that were considered for jobs were usually not accepted because they were not as qualified as the white applicants. Many of the minorities did not speak English, and did not have the extensive background in agriculture or the skills required to make decisions and operate the machinery to cultivate the land that so many others had. This meant that affirmative action really was not an issue and neither was discrimination because job denial was based solely on qualifications and experience, not race or ethnic background.
Affirmative action applies to females in that male managers may see females as unfit or incapable of performing duties adequately. This made me think about my position at Hay Feeders, a confined feedlot that feeds cattle. I looked at the distribution of the work force at my work place and realized that the only females present are the two secretaries and the veterinarian. And even before the male managers of Hays Feeders hired her, they had a vet that was male with no education about the anatomy of livestock. There are approximately thirty employees at the feedlot. This means that only 10% of the workforce are female. The city of Hays is certainly not 90% male.
This is a classic example of institutional discrimination, which as defined by Schaefer is “a denial of opportunities and equal rights to individuals or groups resulting from the normal operations of a
Saleh Bahereddin
BNS –Damazine
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